Why Are My Gums Sensitive All of a Sudden

posted in: General Dentistry | 0

If you experience sudden pain in your tooth or a sharp shooting painful reaction to cold and hot food/drinks, don’t worry because you are not alone. It keeps happening to people all around the world.  It can occur due to several factors that may come and go away with time. The sensitivity may start as a slight nuisance, but it can worsen with time. Therefore, before this small problem becomes a big issue, we recommend visiting your dentist as soon as possible.


why do my gums hurt all of a sudden


Why do My Gums Hurt All of a Sudden:


Sensitive Gums

Although many factors can cause the wear and tear of teeth and ultimately lead to hypersensitivity, the main culprits are described below:


1) Clenching and Grinding (Bruxism)/Abrasion: 


Dental sensitivity can be a result of bruxism, where patients clench or grind their teeth involuntarily because of extreme stress or frustration.


Why Are My Gums Sensitive All of a Sudden


This may also happen in case of malocclusion. Apart from extreme sensitivity, bruxism may also lead to facial pain and frequent headaches, which may cause additional discomfort. Therefore, your dentist may suggest some dietary and lifestyle changes. Also, your dentist might recommend a mouthguard appliance that can protect your teeth from excessive wear. These devices guard your teeth by providing proper needed space and cushioning between your teeth and surrounding structures and can be worn day and night, thus guarding your teeth against bruxism.


2) Cracked/Fractured tooth:


Fracture of a tooth, also known as cracked tooth syndrome, presents as small cracks or abrasions on the tooth. Although these cracks are often difficult to notice, they can cause pain and sensitivity in the affected tooth. Treatment of fractured tooth varies depending upon the size and positioning of the cracked area.


Why Are My Gums Sensitive All of a Sudden


Bonding, Capping the tooth with a crown, and in some severe conditions, root canal treatment is done as a treatment protocol to save the cracked tooth. These may appear too much for a small crack. However, if not treated, the fracture line may increase in size. As a result, the dentist remains with no other option than the extraction of the tooth.


3) Tooth Decay:


Tooth decay happens because of the acid attack on the food remnants by oral bacteria. This acid attack causes the breakdown of enamel and dentin. The breakdown of enamel and dentin exposes the nerve tubules and causes sensitivity. If detected early, your dentist may seal the grooves with a sealer. However, if there is a gross loss of enamel, a filling is needed. This problem is common, still overlooked by many. Once it gets infected and painful, a root canal is the only option that remains.


4) Gingival (Gum) Recession:



The recession of gums due to cervical abrasion is common. This recession exposes the root portion of the teeth leading to sensitivity. Also, other gum problems lead to a gingival recession which is a very significant reason for hypersensitivity. Irritated gums may seem reddish and inflamed at first, which further leads to recession.


Why Are My Gums Sensitive All of a Sudden


Therefore, cleaning and polishing of teeth twice a year is mandatory to keep the gums healthy. Your dentist might recommend desensitizing toothpaste and gel, may recommend the use of a soft toothbrush to prevent further trauma.

Generalized sensitivity occurs when people are ignorant of their oral health. Therefore, it is essential to see your dentist twice a year for a general check-up and be safe from all these unwanted problems. It becomes easy for you and your dentist to treat these if presented on time.